Abbot House, King James VI, the Paleo-Indian Wars and 700 Meters of Argillite

Abbott Farm

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(1) Geological Survey of New Jersey, Henry B. Kummel, State Geologist

A Preliminary Report of the Archaeology Survey of the State of New Jersey made by the Department of Anthropology in the American Museum of Natural History, Clarke Wissler, Ph.D., Curator Under the Direction of the State Geological Survey

Compiled by Alanson Skinner and Max Schrabisch

Trenton, N.J. MacCrellish & Quigley, State Printers, Opposite Post Office


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Paleo Indians:

“Paleo-Indian refers to archeological evidence of perhaps the earliest human occupations in North America. To archeologists, it suggests models of technology, chronology, and socio-cultural behavior within the context of a continually changing environment following the recession of the Wisconsin ice sheet after 13,000 years ago.” (2)

Glacial deposits across New Jersey during the Holocene-Pleistocene boundary epoch were found to possess a biphasic distribution along an approximately northwestern diagonal boundary running from the Delaware Water Gap to the modern day Port of Elizabeth. The period 13,000 before the present, 11,000-10,500 BC, corresponds to the end of the last ice age and the initial signs of Early Paleo Indian habitation in central NJ.

Ice Age NJ

Glaciers were absent the outer coastal plane of NJ during the Pleistocene, and the physiogeography of Central NJ, specifically Turkey Swamp Park could be described as

“…periglacial tundra or open spruce parkland and an extensive complex boreal/deciduous forest in the unglaciated, lower latitudes.” (3)


physiographic regions

“Recorded undisturbed Paleo-Indian sites yielding representative artifact assemblages are few in number. Since insufficient data limit analyses of Paleo Indian subsistence and settlement systems, New Jersey Paleo-Indian studies have often focused on fluted point technology.” (2)

Early Paleo Indians, 10,500 – 8,000 BC, Clovis ‘like’ fluted points
Late Paleo Indians, 8,000 – 6,000 BC, non-Clovis fluted points

NJ Paleo-Indian Sites

“Chronometric dates, geologic context, and faunal associations place the beginning of the Paleo-Indian Period at about 10,500 B.C. (Funk 1978). It was in 1926 that archeologists first recognized the antiquity of Paleo-Indian sites based on the association of a distinctive stone tool form known as the fluted point with remains of extinct fauna at Blackwater Draw in New Mexico.” (2)

sculpted human head monmouth ts argillite biface

(2) Marshall, SB. ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENT IN NEW JERSEY DURING THE PALEO-INDIAN CULTURAL PERIOD ca. 10,000 B.C. -6000 B.C. New Jersey’s Archeological Resources from the Paleoindian Period To the Present: a Review of Research Problems and Survey Priorities, 1982, pp. 10-51. Office of New Jersey Heritage. Aborigianal Settlements NJMarshall

(3) Meltzer, David J. Late pleistocene human adaptations in eastern North America. Journal of World Prehistory, 1988, vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 1-52.

(4) Lenik, EJ. Amulets, Effigies, Fetishes, and Charms: Native American Artifacts and Spirit Stones from the Northeast. 2016, The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa. ISBN: 978-0-8173-1923-6.

(5) R. Alan Mounier. Looking Beneath the Surface: The Story of Archaeology in New Jersey, pp. 199-201.

(6) Cavallo, John. Turkey Swamp: A Late Paleo-Indian Site in New Jersey’s Coastal Plain. Archaeology of Eastern North American. Eastern States Archeological Federation. 1981: vol. 9 (1-18).

Asbury Plenge Site Collection Goes to The Smithsonian

Argillite is a strong buy, as per the buy buy buy guy

“Argillite has achieved international acclaim because the Queen Charlotte Islands aren’t as remote as their location would suggest. Argillite played an important role in seafaring commerce, especially during the boom in maritime fur trading in the early 19th century. The Haida often sold their carvings to the crew and officers of European ships.”

argillite spike july 2017 google trends



Also in the local vicinity of Argillite, Kentucky…

arkancide spike july 2017 google trends

…Little Rock, Arkansas

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