THE 35TH DAY T MINUS ONE TWENTY-EIGHT: THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY, THE LOST QUARRIES OF THE LENAPE AND THE ARGILLITE PEOPLE

One, Wherein we excerpt from Bulletin 9, A Preliminary Report of the Archaeology Survey of the State of New Jersey Made by the Department of Anthropology in the American Museum of Natural History, Wissler, C., Skinner, A., Schrabisch, M., State Geological Survey, State Printers, 1913.

Two, the State of New Jersey, is a rather complicated entity, antediluvian in-fact, below the state commissions an investigation to determine the archaeological history of Native Americans in the state and does so in the language of distinguished gentlemen, we proceed below,

Three, we here in these papers find many curious and likely true facts on the history of the Lenape and the state of New Jersey archaeologically, furthermore we find a contradiction with the following text of the report in the Letter of Transmittal, wherein “From the data at hand it appears that the surface sites so far reported are rare except on restricted areas in the northern, central and southern parts of the State. Since this corresponds with the distribution of the Lenape Indians during the early settlement period, we may conclude that practically all such surface archaeological remains belong to the historic Indian and his immediate ancestor. We have not thought it necessary to take up the question as to the probability of a pre-Indian population in the Trenton valley and elsewhere…”,

Four, “…since such distinguished men as Dr. C. C. Abbott, Professor F. W. Putnam, and Ernest Volk have given years of patient investigation to that problem. Suffice it to say that our preliminary work brought to light no positive new traces of such a pre-Indian culture.”

Five, except they did just that, indeed we find the three layers hypothesis front and center of the inquiry, one, “the indisputable remains of the historic Delaware Indians;” two, the argillite people whose tools are found in the second layer of yellow soil below the Lenape, and three, the rougher artifacts of the earlier paleolithic peoples that are found in the river gravels, indeed these are true facts of the claim set forth and these paleolithic Indians are indeed the very same Paleo Indians of the Archaic Periods that were spoken of in regard to the Turkey Swamp site, furthermore in the years following 1913, it would become clear that pre-Indian cultures would be found and done so by not their surficial structures but by their tools and implements, just so, they already know and what was set forth was known to the laity in the vicinity that many layers of three types of people across the land, two of which would be pre era of the Lenape, and we do not now have three distinct layers apart from the Lenape because the State of New Jersey has failed to distinguish any time period before the Lenape as not the Lenape, prima facie, there is no known start to the torturous lost history of Native American man in this case, aside from the Walam Olum as prior stated,

Six, we turn to the modern era and the archaeological survey done before road construction in the vicinity of Princeton, New Jersey, Supplemental Phase I/II/III/IV Archaeological Evaluations of Three Sites, Route U.S. 1

Seven, what do they find, “The region was inhabited by Native American populations for approximately 12,000 years prior to European contact. The prehistoric era has been divided into Paleo-Indian, Early through Late Archaic, Terminal Archaic, and Early through Late Woodland Periods, differentiated on the basis of artifact technology and style, subsistence and settlement patterns, and social organization.”

Eight, we become aware that camel allegedly existed in North America at one point, really now,

Nine, one possibly Paleo-Indian fluted point was found, argillite artifact indeed in the argillite layer and in very close proximity to the source of argillite in the region,

Ten, the Turkey Swamp site is referenced in the context of Paleo-Indian and Early Archaic sites in the region, and more up date Cavallo papers are referenced, note the radiocarbon dates now into ninth millennium B.C.,

Eleven, Late Archaic, Terminal Archaic, Woodland, prehistoric, whatever that means exactly, Early Archaic, Middle Archaic, Early, Middle and Late Woodland, contact period, domestic items from the recent past, all terms used to describe artifacts that were dated in the survey and do indeed approximate three layers of history, the argillite point maybe found, maybe not, and the argillite effigy face from the Turkey Swamp site do indeed hint at a layer of argillite, furthermore the surmise of 1913 does hold up in the end and these analyses tool further core samples of the soil and revealed three layers to the local vicinity of West Windsor, New Jersey, County Mercer, our favorite place, the point of these points is to establish the three layers of New Jersey archaeology, approximately paleolithic, archaic and woodland, over and out.

Twelve, returning to Bulletin 9, we are told that artificial Native American burial mounds do not exist in New Jersey, most curious indeed,

Thirteen, On Lenape burial, “The bare skeletons when exhumed often look abnormally large to the inexperienced amateur archaeologist, and hence have given rise to weird tales of a gigantic race. Artificial burial mounds do not exist in New Jersey. They are frequently reported, but investigation has invariably shown that the Indians have made use of a natural elevation for their interments. No earthworks or mounds of aboriginal manufacture are known in the State, popular tradition to the contrary notwithstanding.” The party line is set forth.

Fourteen, we have found copper, see below,

Fifteen, on the scarcity of copper in State and their disposition at Cambridge,

Sixteen, The Walam Olum and the Lenape’s presumed origins in Labrador, an enticing lead on the Maritime Archaic peoples and the mound of L’Anse Amour from the mid-sixth millenium B.C.,

Seventeen, the lost quarry of the Lenape and the argillite people before, note on the quarry long theorized by the author to be Sourland Mountain,

THE 35TH DAY T MINUS ONE TWENTY-SIX: THE LONE PINE BALLCOURT, ABORIGINAL MOUNDS IN CENTRAL NEW JERSEY AND THE EARTHWORKS OF NATIVE AMERICA FAR CLOSER THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT

One, the lone pine ballcourt and the lone pine landfill superfund site, both on the grounds of major rivers and their origin points and furthermore on these grounds are the remains of Archaic Native America, that is furthermore the spot at which five rivers or more confluence underground, the epa, the dep and a private entity now control the major adversarial entity to further exploration of the ruins, remains and artifacts that are of the Lenapehoking and are of far older provenance as well, we begin, we begin today by returning to the superfund site,

Two, just south of which is the feature previously called the ballcourt hereupon, and furthermore that ballcourt was once measured and inaccurately, maybe, perhaps capriciously, advertised as an entity bearing units of megalithic yards in close enough to whole numbers to merit further interest as an ancient site. However, reexamination of the site via google earth reveals more perfectly rounded whole number measurements, in feet alone, and does call into question whether the feature seen below mid-left has more to do with the lone pine landfill superfund, or its antecedents, than any Native American earthworks, which in light of the complex here in these parklands and the confluence of rivers does beg the question if the mound structures found adjacent to the nearby rivers did find some sort of capital or central prominence in the now salted earth, below, below,

Three, the archaeological sites are not marked whatsoever in public or in any capacity by the park service, however, the literature is rife with this site and indeed clovis fluted points are among the rare and strange things that have allegedly been found here, this site below was discovered many years ago, and on encounter one there was a single rusted metal drum in the rectangular enclosure, as seen been below in better detail, that furthermore has been alleged as the one-time host of 17,000 barrels of unspecified toxic waste, as such the epa declared the grounds the salted and the process of erecting the megalithic superstructure seen towering above the grounds, 171 or more feet above sea level at highest point and indeed this the outer coastal plain of New Jersey close to sea level already and indeed many, many waterways that meet from far and wide in these sacred lands, indeed candidate for a sacred precinct as one might call the place of the waters and the place of the mounds, literally mounds all around, none named and none on any guide but there nonetheless and perhaps too abundant to properly classify all grounds as protected grounds, irony in the extreme as the most damaged grounds of all in the end, at that deliberately in the lone pine mystery of who and what agency deposited 17,000 barrels of toxic waste in the very much not remote forests of Freehold, New Jersey,

Four, the site in question is remarkable for being on the list, repeat short-list of clovis finds, as below excerpted from Aboriginal Settlement in New Jersey During the Paleo-Indian Period ca. 10,000 B.C. – 6,000 B.C., Marshall, S.B., State of New Jersey publication,

Five, the argillite biface, an “effigy face consisting of eyes, nose and mouth carved into an argillite biface was recovered from excavations at the Turkey Swamp site in Monmouth County.” Furthermore, this text is currently withheld on google books, in all likelihood, and was indeed from where the excerpt below was originally taken from, title now in question, see twenty-ninth august two-thousand seventeen from before the flood, so to speak, for the work on these matters long a curiousity now more of a calling, the mounds in Monmouth are just as inexplicable as the effigy faces found in the vicinity and do note the area has been apparently continuously inhabited since the end of the last ice age, the Pleistocene, and before, however only one tribe is named, named the Lenape in the area and their torturous origins may or may not be much more recent than the end of the Pleistocene, indeed one interpretation of The Hoosier Illiad, The Walam Olum, has the first arrival of Lenape Indians in the area only about one-hundred and fifty years before the arrival of Columbus in the New World, that dating hypothesis from the chief list and that work indeed questionable as a primary source, as is what follows, what follows is unknown to be in any museum and may or may not have ever existed, and furthermore, native argillite is entirely absent the Turkey Swamp site, however it is abundant across the physiographic border to the west upon arrival at the Piedmont Plateau that very same runs all the way down to Tennessee, indeed the very same Piedmont in State has one of the few reservoirs argillite and can be found among the diabase intrusions in the vicinity of Rocky Hill and the Sourlands, but first, the effigy faces of Turkey Swamp, home of lone pine landfill superfund, as below,

Six, the Turkey Swamp site offers evidence of peoples in the, “Paleo-indian through Late Woodland period occupation (Cavallo 1978). Located on a floodplain along a tributary of the Manasquan River, the deepest artifact bearing zones of this site have yielded stone tools reminiscent of Gardner’s Dalton-Hardaway Late Paleo subphase…Radiocarbon dates associated with these tools are as follows: 6104.6 B.C.; 6269 B.C.; 7041.9 B.C.; 5939 B.C.; and 6238 B.C.” (Marshall, S.B., pp. 33, State of New Jersey). As such, the incidence of peak and trough mound formations along the rivers, the tributaries and in the woods off the beaten trail was no surprise, indeed the only surprise is how little advertised these facts are to the general public, and if it were not for the eponymous Old Lenape Trail, there would be no mention of Native Americans at all, and below we return to the question of whether the ballcourt of lone pine is a genuine Native American mound site, not necessarily a burial bound but a ceremonial complex with the ballcourt aptly named for the rectangular feature about plus or minus the size of a Mayan ballcourt, indeed when in the mound rectangle itself, there first appears a great separation between the sequestered grounds of lone pine superfund and the ballcourt site itself, which could have been built for purposes of what may be hypothesized in whole unit feet as a convenient barricade for the 17,000 barrels of toxic waste on site years ago, allegedly, below today we find one lone barrel, one lone pine, and measurements begin to reveal the symmetry of the complex, quite modern perhaps in imperial units, also impressive but not impossible for any of the aboriginal inhabitants of the grounds over the many thousands of years before 1959 when dumping first supposedly began, length of the ballcourt rectangle below, 333 feet as measured on the peaks,

Seven, width below near 100 feet on the dot, length 333 feet near exactly, ballcourt floor square footage somewhere less than 33,300 square feet,

Eight, nearly exact measurements in feet, inner court dimension, 70 feet wide, outer dimension, 120 feet wide, mound width itself, 25 feet, and mid-width dimension, 100 feet wide from peak to peak. Note the mound rectangle itself is fairly regular, equilateral despite damage to the northeastern wall and of the kind of place and time to be considered genuine in the extreme,

Nine, however the lone pine landfill superfund site is immediately north, spans a third of a mile on a side and may indeed be the cover-up of all time in this plausible mound capital, mound henge or otherwise ceremonial complex castrated by the twin forces of government and private industry, likely actual mafia in the latter case, and the former become not much different. Note, the grounds between the overbearing superfund site and the lone pine ballcourt are nearly impassable due the density of the verdure and the looming threat of ticks, of ticks, very bad ticks, best to stick to the trails, furthermore, there is another earthen mound nearby which may be relatively old or new, plausible either way, and indeed much more so in light of this place below nigh 500 feet from the headwaters of the Manasquan River, along which can be found right before lone pine superfund mound formations for some miles along both banks and where pieces of lithic remains jut out from place to place do very much to reveal the likelihood of an mound-irrigation complex extraordinaire, indeed the woods are teeming with dug out canals and mound like complexes here and there, and the trickling river which does reach the Atlantic with very real volume does afford this likely scenario, and in light of absence of a main feature, or primary mound, it is hard to declare the ballcourt genuine mound earthworks of Native American provenance most specifically because of lone pine superfund, notwithstanding the horrific desecration of a potential archaeological complex the antiquity of the sites in Turkey Swamp are quite impressive, the woods and one of it’s secrets down below,

THE 35TH DAY T MINUS ONE TWENTY-THREE: PLATFORM MOUNDS OF THE SOUTHWEST AND SOUTHEAST USA

One, What is a platform mound?

Two, It is monumental edifice that was enlarged systematically in stages over time, typically earthwork, and where a residence or ceremonial enclosure may be found at the top, and furthermore wherein the remains of prominent individuals were likely buried and furthermore with victims of war, likely sacrificial offerings, not uncommon to the runescape of North America. Here we focus on a paper detailing these mounds in the Southeast and Southwest of the USA, and particularly the latter region is of interest in light out prior stated observation of a lack of and different type of mound structure in that region. Overall, we are following the trail of mounds and their history in North America in light of our discoveries in Pennsylvania, one paper at a time or one mound example in series of how do we begin to research these topics, long researched and still of high interest to the general public, in light of the pandemic and general closure of all things relevant to proper academic research, save the internet. We are concerned for the specific composition of mounds in light of our rocky mounds in Pennsylvania and furthermore we are looking for older, possibly Adena, structures built in terraced complex form, possibly in mountainous or hilly areas and furthermore they they are central chamber oriented but not of the classic earthworks like those at the Pinson complex, featured below in map of literature-specific sites, but note one we have visited and observed to be very different from the northeastern PA sites but more classically the Mississippi mound-building culture of Adena, Hopewell, Fort Ancient, et cetera, see below,

Three, Lindauer, O., Blitz, JH. Higher Ground: The Archaeology of North American Platform Mounds. Journal of Archaeological Research, Vol. 5, No. 2, 169-207, 1997

Four, Features of late platform mounds, after A.D. 800, include, “well-defined, special-purpose structure remains on mound summits and premound surfaces…massive clay hearths that were frequently refurbished; partitions or fences enclosing mound summits or bases; mound summits kept free of debris; mound side-middens dumped from the summit; large, isolated post holes; and concentrations of rare or nonlocal raw materials or finished valuables. Some late platform mounds served as mortuaries.”

Five, we find some similarity between our PA mounds in the salience afforded to the mound summit, but we do not find the post holes or any significant lumber borne aspects of the edifice and indeed it is the lithic composition of the likely burial chamber shaft and lower retaining walls that make PA site Glen Onoko so unique from the regular construction of the Mississippi mound-builders and nearly all other aspects aside, these are likely parallel attributes of any mound building culture that puts the most interest in the apex of the pyramidal form and may slough off detritus on the sides and however we consider our dolmen features to be maybe midden or mid-level work-shafts to lighten the load of material needed to be cleared from central excavations, otherwise the platform mounds, as they are called, do not resemble the PA mounds in the slightest and only are remarkable for their difference and nomenclature, in the sense platforms of variable era construction is what is meant by the mounds that are otherwise regular, regular in form albeit built in different time periods, whereas we would perceive a mound structure built all at once but over the space of terraces quite literally platforms in the earth and rock to be more similar to our find, however the literature is absent this classification as yet not to be found at all, we may be wrong and will continue to look. Over and out.

THE 35TH DAY T MINUS ONE TWENTY-ONE: THE L’ANSE AMOUR BURIAL MOUND OF LABRADOR, CANADA AND THE ROCKY MOUNDS OF THE MIDDLE ARCHAIC MARITIME CULTURE

Excerpted from Prehistory of the Americas, Second Edition, SJ Fiedel, Cambridge University Press, 1992, pp. 95

Twelve year old child buried in rocky mound formation, 3 feet deep, 25 feet in diameter, and 1 foot 6 inches high, located in the Canadian maritime province of Labrador, carbon dated to 5580 +/- 140 B.C. (Tuck 1975), making this mound far older than the Adena and Hopewell mound-building cultures active some thousands of years later, and furthermore the incidence of any and all rocky mound burials is salient in light of our discoveries in Pennsylvania, thank you much.

THE 35TH DAY T MINUS ONE NINETEEN: DOLMENS AND MORE CHAMBERS UNDER THE EARTH

One, chamber three, stumbled upon, like whoa, forty inches deep or so far and oriented to the cardinal points, the passage much discussed hereupon, seen below again, clockwise start top left, west short face, south long, east short, north long, very eerie find in the middle of the woods on the hill or mountainside of the Pisgah Slope which does hide chambers of burial, and found not off a modern trail but rather natural path with archaic stone marks thereabout leading the way up to what is seen below,

Two, what we have found here are Native American burial mounds and their open chambers, and three, three to date we have seen and maybe we have found two or three more mounds that have likely central openings of the same style and likely chambers below, except the new mounds have horizontal openings to be seen rather than vertical shafts, and indeed they are dolmen bearing, south facing open cavities that are occluded by rock and earth, see below,

Three, many, many dolmens of the kind to be found on site of the Glen Onoko Run, but we are focusing on the mound complexes and the characteristic north-south mound-structures bearing chambers that are present, above exhibited the chamber cavity of a dolmen bearing mound which likely has a horizontal shaft cuts right through to the hillside either to the meet the still occluded vertical chamber shaft or the central feature of these mounds whereby burial chambers are presumed likely certain to be found or to have been found, and these again are adjacent to the series of terraced mounds already described hereupon and seen again from lower point in the panorama below,

Four, considering the possibility of near eastern influence on the complex, we wonder if the central chamber of the circular feature below is this a sacrificial pit, and if so does this stone ruin help identify a or the culture that built the mounds and other megalithic works here in form we see which may be later in time towards the present by very minuscule degrees of woodland native American modification, mostly upon the trails and their marks, and furthermore the mound complex is adjacent to rather profound features including the waterways, earthworks, series of waterfalls, first called Moore’s Ravine, then later Glen Onoko, now called the same, and that now closed to the public officially by decree most presumably because the dam structures along the waterway are too fragile to support consuming human traffic, and also in play with the other obscured motives of Harrisburg, see the archive for more. Below a feature of the mound complex that would presumably be the central convocation point and likely sacrificial pit, if applicable, of who and what was being sacrificed we would like to know, it is old and big, tree growth inside and present on the lithic walkway before the terraced mounds shortly beyond and opposite near to the downslope before the train tracks of the since defunct line that it only now used for tourist purpose, and furthermore one the first features apart from mounds and indicating megalithic builders here long ago,

Five, this is anthracite coal country and we ponder if ancient peoples used that same type of coal as well, we suspect they did in some cases as surface bits may be picked up in the present day and thrown in the fire, indeed, the gift of warming fire, furthermore, the terraced mound complex is unlike many of other native American rocky mounds, still earthwork in parts more recently found, overall more like the old world megaliths of Ireland, United Kingdom or France. The south facing dolmen entrance is seen again down below with hillside in pano for exhibition three levels or so that belie the depth of the likely burials chamber beyond the horizontal and embedded in the mountainside that upon excavation would likely reveal multiple levels and hard to access sub-chambers of megalithic quality that should mapped with ground penetrating radar first, and in light of the major work of industry that alone would be among the rocks and packed earth, heavy lifting probably out of the question. Academic literature probably out of the question unless sole focus on the chambers themselves and the Delaware Indians, probably beyond and indeed we might find Indian burials here all the same, all the same we do not care for reasons to hesitate, there are chambers of burials and mysteries very big, very big, and these dolmens cut right through the hillside like the chambers otherwise, the opening below measuring about eighteen inches or so,

Six, looking nearly exactly south down from the dolmen itself in the direction of the possibly sacrificial pit,

Seven, the burial vault likely is buried within many years of earth and rock and in the way maybe false chambers and ways of leading off, down below, the side of mound cut through don’t you know,

Eight, moving back to chamber three, how we found it and how it is found for repeatability, down below. First, the observation that our chambers one through three are oriented to the cardinal points, long axes north and south, short east and west, and within such structures oriented north and south overall in two primary features, the walls abutting the chamber in overall ellipsoid form with central walkway appear to be natural formation or latter day native American path. The south oriented wall aspect points down the hill slope and does correspond to one of the two primary lithic features that is present in each individual mound complex, which is to say there is a north and a south wall, together joined as ellipsoid-circular, and upon each wall is a specific rocky feature marking the exact south or north point, in between the two ellipsoid walls is where exactly level ground is found and where in no less than two and then a third location, the central chamber, as aforesaid, and all appearing exactly equal in size, length and width at this time alone, and furthermore they are at the likely top of a terraced complex some substantial vertical distance above the earlier terraces, and first chamber on the order of about fifty feet above level prime we think is a good number to start with, chamber two maybe more, and chamber three, three or four tiers into the hillside and about seventy-five to one-hundred twenty-give feet above the first terrace, and how we found that structure as follows here and below, first, taking a walk east to west along the red trail connector at the bottom of the mountain between bottom the mounds themselves and the walkway to the waterfall, look for the natural boulders marking the both modern and archaic trails along the way, as below and in line with the south tips following north,

Nine, considering the south-north orientation, we look down the hill, at left, and consider the alignment of this boulder to the most recently known south face of a mound, draw a line, and look up that line, indeed turn north and see the lithic outcrop of something that might just look passable, natural, indeed, still the top of a terraced mound structure we surmise, we surmise bizarre in the extreme to encounter chambers as such out of the wilderness as though excavated before, like prior explored by recent man, but not that far, and again on the way to chamber three appears to be like an old trail of the Lenape,

Ten, cautious of snakes we proceed to follow the rather well cut path, unmarked repeat, and not on any map, except for the archaic rocky trail marks along the way, in ascent to the top of terraced mound number three, which was described in the bottom of this post, is traced back here for consideration of how anybody at all could find, bury, make, dig out, excavate or study such a feature not terribly difficult to arrive upon but again on a secluded hill slope; substantially difficult to maneuver any heavy machinery, one, and two, hard to fathom any sight or archaeological excavation digging out the chamber to full depth as yet unknown, as yet unknown depth that at present meets a dirt, leaf, debris floor that is nearly certain to be not the very bottom and requiring core sample for that determination, perhaps, and indeed that machine not getting up there, probably, and so done by hand would must be with the help of electricity and the slightest machinery possibly already done, this chamber open and most clear unlike the preceding two which are both more publicly accessible and more occluded by debris, the further gorge and valley downriver awaits more exploration and possible discovery of more formations like this indeed, there could be many hundreds in place or no more at all, like said before, the spaces and complex immediately adjacent to the waterfalls to appear to be plausibly necropolis style formations, and in light the sacred grove and effigies upon the waterfall itself, we do foresee many unexpected discovery to continue, especially on the unmarked natural paths in line of sight boulders and rock of similar form, like with small cache of jasper, probably Lenape, on the ground marking the trail, and other types of rock as well, all clearly denoting the old ways of going about here and there, many leading off as far as no one knows, and some terminating in megalithic hillside to nothing further we think, anyway we proceed north up the hill,

Eleven, again, we see rough rock outcrop that does not look like much, still the feature presumed terrace-top of mound, burial chamber awaits, and taken along already formed natural path, other words, old native American path, where rocks both mark trail and leak out of the mound, some may call them deer paths, indeed below a megalithic formation confirmed in what follows,

Twelve, stepping up on the rocks seen above, we observe larger stones on the back inner face of the mound’s north ellipsoid wall, far better formed than the south aspect which is nearly rectilinear in this case, and that so not considered until the revelation of the cleaner north wall and the observation of the chamber,

Thirteen, revelation of the chamber, stepping over the lithic outcrop to find, something too perfectly constructed and too much of it visible to ignore, the presumption of more chambers in the slope of the mountain, await further exploration of chamber quest one and two in the mountainside next in line,

Fourteen, the formation of these mounds has more rocky down below and as such overall presumed to be of the more rocky formation than earthwork, however the north ellipsoid wall is of the kind seen below at each chamber on the north side and is however more earth and stone than naked stone and that is true of more features that are found here than are not, which is to say, there are more earth and stone ellipsoid walls than there see purely rocky ellipsoid walls, however the latter are more impressive and more obvious to the eye. Below is the north wall of the chamber three mound complex, earth and stone, and we find a natural trail leading out to the west and presumably to the north, but instead of following this time we proceed back down to the main foot of the complex that still holds back further chambers but does reveal more mounds, more north-south wall structures, some two or three aspects of level ground that if possible may reveal more vertical chamber-shafts, and lastly some two or three dolmen features in side of terraced mound complex that have previously been unremarked upon in lieu of exposed chambers, furthermore we may find dolmens in each of the terraced mounds and corresponding horizontal shafts indeed as well as the vertical chamber-shafts that have been discussed at length, publicly available lidar might indicate such features. Here below the archaic path and earthwork style feature on chamber three mound, off the beaten trail,

Fifteen, below, the south orientation point of the chamber three mound south rectilinear wall, which is a roughly right-angled pile of megalithic rock that at right outcrop in photograph below corresponds to magnetic south, indeed that is to say it is precisely pointing one-hundred and eighty degrees to the south, the fixed point below,

Sixteen, looking at the hill slope up to chamber three we do see an elevated bit of earth marked coincidentally by a large flat megalith that does appear to be on top of another natural trail and furthermore upon an elevation of earth running north to south right towards the third chamber above and the terraced mounds below. Perhaps there is an ascending passageway that is uncovered by this bulge and correspond the horizontal passageway in aspect earlier uncovered by the dolmen to the west and with the repeated form of each mound indeed like that of its neighbor, but different in overall, indeed three, three, three, three major mounds like the pyramids would be, like the three main megaliths at the falls we do see, and the three main waterfalls, megalithic trinity, thank you very much, rock mark below,

Seventeen, below, more south face mound walls aspects and large dolmens that follow from. Large dolmens are rare for this region and site and we are nearby to the main south entrance of the waterfalls and indeed this would be prime burial space most proximal to the path of all souls who traverse the complex. That south aligned tip of a mound wall is seen at far right below, is marked by a large boulder and surrounded by tree growth, the size of the stone building units can be seen and is about the same as the other mounds of the complex, furthermore here we are also seeing mound wall at left which marks a trench leading up to the dolmen that about level with the chamber two level, off frame right, and is conceivable to be the next level of the mound terraces which in this case is the lower level of the very megalithic, very rocky, hillside that may or may not have more chambers, none were found on two attempts to scale the unmarked and slightly marked hillside, and furthermore any chambers may be deep under rock and earth, however at the base level seem above and below, two adjacent trenches and two adjacent dolmens indicate something beyond, repeat something beyond the dolmens themselves like burial pits or chambers and the integration with the ellipsoid wall forms does say it is of the same style and time period. Below looking at mounds in the rough,

Eighteen, below, the dolmen up above seen from slightly closer position and remarks very much buried over the years, this is the main entrance to a necropolis-like complex or individual chamber which has much, much to teach us as the Paleolithic, neolithic, and more recent eras for reason these are strange, strange things here and they are in the immediate vicinity of a great water source and a greater river-way that leads to the Atlantic overland and the Delaware Bay, indeed the Delaware Indians as they are called may have learned the art of chamber building from a or the great source of chambers here itself the record of some form of burial and how later tribes would be in regard for the ancestors they see along the mines, and how the burials of the Michigan copper mines would be not alike and not in mounds really, so we read, and even more closely the Delaware Indians along the Delaware River like of a chamber type, we read, but not like the dolmen bearing chamber type of mound in the hill. These are likely older than the Adena three-thousand years ago, again not alike in burial mound type, earth and minimal stone, almost out of range and more likely to be in the vicinity of older sea-faring peoples that may relate to the Lenape, the Archaic Maritime red-ochre people, rama chert apparently found here, we read, and in light of effigy of the falls calls for consideration of near eastern or Mediterranean contact, also Scandinavia, who with the Native Americans may and do indeed overlap in light of haplogroup X or whatever, like archaic Europe, lets say Scythian, Eurasian, Aryan, Arian, indeed, the proto-viking perhaps or the proto-European, which is to say, we have European Native Americans, indeed, as one might expect here we are far, far closer to Europe than Asia by many thousands of miles, and indeed then still from Siberia we are to presume all this came forth, not quite sane. Below we see dolmens that are big and megalithic buried in likely passage chamber-behind style with trench walkway right up to, cut out through, mound walls right and left, and the appearance that the observer is about to enter something, perhaps a very big, very rough pyramidal structure. To dig out would be a massive job, maybe possible, would probably be done by volunteers wondering the same questions for years, what is behind and the who and what of the mountainside more sculpted than previously thought, all the way to the top, the rustic staircase included, where from on higher places with more chambers have not been found and more likely openings to mine(s) await, already long closed at the top but in anthracite country more curious what’s been found underneath the ground in the bottom of mines, yes indeed, amenable able to remote sensing maybe, the chamber below would likely be big and maybe opened in antiquity, mines of the Phoenicians and the Greek marks to follow, dolmens and the biggest mounds we presume ring hollow,

Nineteen, waterfall posting permitted only in light of the skill which it would take to sculpt the face upon of the god or goddess of what like to rival Kallimachus the great sculptor of ancient Greece, none of whose works survive, but for whom the legend of the Erectheion references, and for whom this scale of perfection on such rough and foreign rock, spectral in the extreme, the first effigy near red mark, do look closer,

Twenty, zoom in again,

Twenty-one, zoom out once more, the feature is far larger than we did recall at the top of this post, in all likelihood three or four feet in vertical dimension and on the face of a ninety-three foot waterfall we like to call chameleon but may in fact be Onoko, we don’t care for the names much more, because they are scrambled in the books and chameleon is much better fitting for this piece of the ravine which is faceted by no less two spectacular effigy faces, one below as seen on approach,

Twenty-two, mark of the creator of the falls on the falls, far larger than can be apprehended by the one photograph, scale for likely the Titan, or he or she whomever, that did build the dams and make the plates, the plates and all the effigy and mound that does resonate far underground,

Twenty-three, the possibility of tablets and language, below observed not far from the effigy faces of the woman and the Titan, en route up to the next waterfall,

Twenty-four, this guy is our old favorite and is probably close to Ogham, perhaps, then indeed what of the rock hewn off and tablet made likely in mirror to the marks left that if traced might reveal cognizable written language on the stone, approximate to something Celt-Iberic we guess.

Twenty-five, The Wall of the Ancients, up above, with effigy face and cube in the rock and curious glyph wall, if that at all, that upon the west cliffs have more to offer in possibly serpent effigy sticking out down below in right before fall down the Ravine, don’t go,

Twenty-six, some sort of Mesopotamian visage less certain than others and indeed considerably more accessible than should be, always the consideration of recent forgery, look and you will see perhaps winged effigy drawing in the rock, not the rock itself,

Twenty-seven, the elephant we recall from last year’s explorations on the west wall,

Twenty-eight, attempting to get on top of west ravine face, we took the natural archaic trail, unmarked save for stone waypoints, down to the slope opposite that desired west face by a click or two and seen at left below rubble pile slash ridge amidst a natural ditch, apparently man-made, that is formed by the trough of a megalithic mound wall, the concourse of the moon, the megalthic underbelly rough and refined along the walk, as seen below what becomes of the way in between the megalthic top of the ravine and the available trails to that position,

Twenty-nine, below, megalithic mound-wall is the crest of troughs to right and left and is quite likely a deliberately formed aspect, unmarked again except for the archaic waypoints, nearly entirely absent any human presence whatsoever, cobweb overgrowth says no one has walked here in many moons, this ditch trail feature runs downslope southwest for some hundreds or thousands of meters before reaching a slight level off at probably still three-fifty feet of the nine-fifty vertical ascent, and the only option left to cut through rough wood all the way to the position desired on the west face of the ravine,

Thirty, above, more on the megalithic mound wall, likely the other way to Jeans Run on the east side of that waterflow, the other marked trail to the west of it, and neat megaliths field right and left, curious chamber bearing quality question-mark, first observed effigy face to the west, serpent, bird or other, down below,

Thirty-one, the natural archaic paths to the west face,

Thirty-two, and again, where do you go, down below,

Thirty-three, the puzzle-palace mystery trails, up to James Run across the way from the falls down below,

Thirty-four, where the desired position is, on top and about the megalithic rump, pyramidal in form, on top of the west face of the ravine, many natural archaic paths appear to be alongside larger white quartz sandstone blocks higher up and followed properly may be safe and indeed reveal more glyphs on the cliffs,

Thirty-five, the eye in the wall, on the east side, Atlantic-esque variations, serpent out of the mouth aspect partially seen,

THE 35TH DAY T MINUS ONE FOURTEEN: THE APPALACHIAN ALPHABET, GRAVE CREEK MOUND, THE PINSON ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX IN TENNESSEE AND THE SEARCH FOR ROCKY MOUNDS FROM SEA TO SEA LIKE THOSE FOUND IN PENNSYLVANIA AT GLEN ONOKO ON THE PISGAH SLOPE AWAITING EXCAVATION AND SCIENCE IS IN AGREEMENT THAT SOMETHING IS INDEED IN THE WAY

One, the mound at the heart of Moundsville, West Virginia below,

Two, the musea on premises offered the small pamphlet as follows,

Three, the pamphlet from which we excerpt on fair use grounds offers a local telling of the Grave Creek Stone controversy and in doing so offers a tracing of the stone, which may or may not be real, for analyses we will consider it a forgery,

Four, however, the pamphlet makes most curious to otherwise unknown ancient language of Appalachian, which we here find for the first time in literature and do not consider academic but alongside the truth does make much sense in failed contrast to incomplete old Moabitcs, Phoenician, Etruscan, Celtiberic, Gallic, et cetera, the languages that we may or may not find on the rocks all around, all around and all around,

Five, two names in the reference to ancient language considerations of the Grave Creek Stone, Dr. Clemens and Schoolcraft, the first discoverer of the stone itself, or the story goes, likely part of the long history of archaeological forgery in this case specifically bad, bad conduct of preservator slash entrepreneur, in full glory below,

Six, what in the hell is going on here, the overarching theme of this complex is very much how much work has been done upon and the around the original mound such that the provenance of any artifact or conclusion drawn from grounds substantially modified is hard to fathom, walkway built upon, one below, two, the adjoining edifice nineteenth century, three, the old house on top of the mound now with obelisk marker, and above again the burial chamber of ill repute with women lured in apparently, stones maybe native in first below,

Seven, the base of the musea seen in contrast to the mound, preserved maybe once upon a time. but pretty much remarked only amenable to like high skill archaeologists able sort through all the layers of detritus hereabout and we find an English academic can to remote sense some archaic trenches on the grounds,

Eight, the old cross section of the burial chamber and style of earthwork,

Nine, polished slate on exhibition, but the reality of this artifact is questionable for reason the pamphlet again provides a traced record of the artifacts which may or may not have all been lost long ago,

Ten, what is a gorget, but a throat piece, and most interesting of all the mica fragments found in upper burial chamber, one of two reputedly found and presumably the source of these mica chips, perforated indeed as the gorget as well, the piedmont of North Carolina, for whatever reason we are not exactly certain why there, but Appalachia is the source of mica for many, many Native American cultures, most controversially the Maya and the other Mesoamericam tribes reportedly traded with the Woodland Period or early archaic to late archaic eastern seaboard natives for the mica of Appalachia, deep into the northeast indeed as well, Georgia we are told is a good candidate for actual Mayan ruins to be uncovered, so too maybe New Jersey, onwards,

Eleven, we find more artifacts on display at the Pinson Mound Complex in Pinson, Tennessee, copper ear spools on display, and do appear to be authentic,

Twelve, the view in Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park down to the museum from the highest mound looking down, quite a bit higher than Moundsville’s Grave Creek Mound,

Thirteen, non-local items to Tennessee,

Fourteen, trade silver, put on display as exhibition of genuine silver for trading purposes between Europeans and Natives upon woodland contact, a more formed culture than thought in many kinds of ways long since abandoned mound building and the typical dates of Adena and Hopewell far too young or far too old for people who are most curiously asking about dates radiocarbon to be, here look to the classical silver mines and metallurgy of the scientific kind, where did this silver come from, what part of the world, like the copper above the upper peninsula of Michigan the best copper out there we are told, so too the silver mines of the west and the east USA where today one might find in the land of anthracite certain gold, iron and copper and silver lesser sight, volumetrically quite rare to see any copper on display from West Virginia no way, silver pendant the Great Turtle below,

Fifteen, hard to find any rocks among the Mississippi mounds that among all the south are typically earthwork alone and that does include the Ohio valley indeed and the otherwise capital cities of Illinois, Illinois and more in the west maybe in the southwest the mounds do not appear as they do in the east and north where the Zuni mesa offers sanctuary for the types of mesoamerica made it that far north and made a different land absent at all any reference in laymen text on petroglyph writing cultures of the ancient southwest, more on that to be discovered with the grand canyon already uncovered the gorge of all time with many offshoots falls of their own to be majestic of their own accord, but none so much as the Glen Onoko waterfalls all of whom are not named and are more than five and whose mound complex bears so much rock as to be unique and the publicly available lidar does give a sneak peak into the rocks of those mounds adjacent to a train track on an elevated platform itself, the third chamber referenced in the post below belies the complexity of what is a mound builder going to do with a chamber of very high quality craftsmanship but continue it into the hillside, hillside, the mountainside until the depth of the burial chamber is reached or until access with communicating structures is accomplished, perhaps a mine pit out at the top suggested West Virginia archaeological service for the Glen Onoko mounds, too much there to be just a simple pit mine, rather the most ceremonial, most revered burial chambers of ancient high culture to be examined by ground penetrating radar first go, if we would have our way, repeat, the chambers are old go away, chamber three again below, different view, many more to be discovered in lines of sight from the base there at complex first go, maybe excavated already below,

Sixteen, again, the chamber above is the central feature of a very irregular lithic mound in northeastern Pennsylvania, exact location hard to come by and withheld, and note the earth here is also covering the greater lithic sub-structure of this mound in particular,

Seventeen, rather open, neat and clean, the point is to contrast other famous and not so famous mound complexes in the United States, specifically in regard to Moundsville, West Virginia where they allegedly found timbers, founds logs abutting the burial chamber and only small lithic deposits in comparison overall volume of the mound, repeating from the staircase photograph above, there may a native layer of none rougher rock construction likely not ashlar, down below in contrast one of hillside wall faces of these type of mounds which are prime candidates from central chamber resonance to be found, and furthermore the single chamber may be accommodating the top central entrance point for a mound on the scale for what is seen in the background below at Glen Onoko,

Eighteen, the lay of the mound hard to capture in a single photograph, but start at left from white rock wall and trace the south contour of this large mound up the natural hill slope which is indeed a mountain,

Nineteen, move in closer and see a rather impressive wall, to what and for what not exactly clear until the chambers of these mounds are found at likely central point on top of no less than three huge burial complexes, that is to say, when below is traced back to an apex, we found chamber three up above, below the exactly south facing point of this native american burial mound at left,

Twenty, looking down to that south point from the trip the mound slope, below the east side,

Twenty-one, looking down from the west side,

Twenty-two, walking up the west side,

Twenty-three, look again and see the slope and dimension of what could be below,

Twenty-four, we’ve already found two chambers below of ashlay masonry centrally dug out and constructed for what appears to be classically top and central point of access to burial chamber down below,

Twenty-five, what is not seen in the two photographs above are the hillocks on which appear to be two terraced mound-tops culminating in central cavities at their center and apex, first and second approximately in the order of chamber one and two, the latter far more proximal to the waterfall itself. So, there are two terraced mounds in the vicinity of the base of a third. As such, these photographs here above are meant to demonstrate the logic by which central cavities likely follow central chambers open to the air and whereby the likely rationale to follow the hillside gently until it culminates north to south would lead to more interesting features, and indeed thereby the third chamber was discovered in nearly approximate path to the upper east reaches of the Pisgah Slope on that face, which the lidar does make light of not much in resolutions freely available to the public, and there on that inference up there it was, one down below, how far do you go, big things below this we are told and this we know,

Thank you that is all

THE 35TH DAY T MINUS ONE THIRTEEN: ASHLAR MASONRY AND THE TOMBS OF MYCENAE

ARCHAIC STATES, pp. fifty-three, KV Flannery, THE GROUND PLANS OF ARCHAIC STATES

“Each tomb consists of a conically roofed circular chamber or tholos, up to 13.7 m high and 14.9 m in diameter, done in ashlar masonry (a construction style shared with the Inka). This chamber, deeply buried in a hillside and marked with an artificial mound of earth, was reached by a corridor or dromos up to 40 m long, also dug into the hill slope. The entrance to the chamber was a monumental doorway up to 5.5 m high, closed with bronze doors. After burial had taken place, the mouth of the dromos was blocked with a stone wall (Taylour 1983: 65-81).”

Concerning ashlar masonry, we find the central chamber of our Glen Onoko mounds to be finely ashlar, regular block size and refined technique for smooth finish in contrast to piles of rock thrown on top, see below,

Where is this chamber, mystery location that found by author and not revealed, not revealed, not revealed here the feature so named chamber three in mound again location withheld at the overall Native American mound complex described here in this post start to dive back, and the associated mound with chamber three above not traditionally Mycenae, as seen in the text above, however the Danish burial chambers and mounds are not quite the same either, and neither are the Algonquin Indian burial chambers along the Delaware River not too far away, not exactly close, and do note the Indian burials in proximity to copper mines, so named, and found here above multiple similar chambers in proximity to anthracite coal mines and probably, definitely many more mineral deposits and associated mines that do likely include copper, repeat Pennsylvania is the location of withheld exact position photograph exhibition above.

The reference to Delaware Indian does indeed include Lenape, and we are not sure if there is any history of Lenape remains having been found in these chambers and the depth of which does belie substantial sub-surface chambers yet to be found and the style of Mycenae for reference for reason the woman of the falls posted yesterday, see below for diffusionist gold,

Not quite ashlar masonry in the text that we see, FINDING LOST AMERICA, fair use, thank you much